1. Someone who is experiencing bulimia is more likely to ________ than someone experiencing anorexia.
A.show obsessive tendencies
B.believe their body size is larger than it actually is
C.display characteristics of a personality disorder
D.have serious medical consequences from the disorder


2. If an anorexic woman has lanugo, what has happened?
A.She has lost body hair.
B.She has developed double vision.
C.Her menstrual cycle has become irregular.
D.She has grown fine silky hair on her body.


3. Most people with bulimia nervosa ____________ compared to people with anorexia nervosa.
A.are younger
B.have less education
C.are of more normal weight
D.have obsessive thoughts about food


4. Who of the following is likely to experience recovery from anorexia?
A.a man rather than a woman
B.an older person rather than a teenager
C.a person without sexual problems rather than one with them
D.a person who has lost more weight rather than less weight


5. People who are often overweight and regularly binge eat without compensatory behaviors are experiencing
A.binge-purge disorder.
B.anorexia-bulimia disorder.
C.binge-eating disorder.
D.noncompensatory binge disorder.


6. People who binge
A.like to eat high protein foods such as steak and nuts.
B.fear gaining weight after a binge and being discovered during it.
C.are usually calm and rational just before and during a binge.
D.generally consume about 10,000 calories during a binge.


7. The important contribution to the treatment of eating disorders made by Hilde Bruch combines which theoretical frameworks?
A.cognitive and behavioral
B.humanistic and existential
C.biological and psychoanalytic
D.psychodynamic and cognitive


8. Which of the following is true about recovery from anorexia?
A.the death rate from anorexia is increasing recently
B.anorectic behavior recurs in about one-third of recovered patients
C.most recovered patients experience marital dissatisfaction and are ineffective as employees
D.few recovered patients continue to express concern about weight and appearance


9. How successful are compensatory behaviors in controlling weight?
A.vomiting prevents the absorption of 90% of calories consumed
B.repeated vomiting affects one's ability to feel satiated
C.using laxatives almost completely undoes the caloric effects of bingeing
D.using diuretics almost completely undoes the caloric effects of bingeing


10. Which of the following men are at greatest risk for an eating disorder?
A.distance runners
B.football players
C.gymnasts
D.divers


11. Anorectic patients receive a gradually increasing diet over the course of several weeks, encouragement, education, and reassurance that they will not become obese. The form of therapy they are receiving is
A.autonomy and self-awareness training.
B.a correction of disturbed cognitions.
C.supportive nursing care.
D.changing family interactions.


12. People who diet to lose weight usually
A.gain the weight back.
B.do not lose any weight.
C.maintain a lower, but not the lowest, weight.
D.maintain the low weight they achieve through dieting.


13. A therapist who sat with the bulimic patient while the patient ate appropriate quantities of "forbidden" foods, and then stayed until the patient no longer had the urge to purge would be practicing
A.exposure and response prevention.
B.group insight-oriented therapy.
C.correction of cognitive misperceptions.
D.supportive nursing care.


14. Family members are overinvolved in each other's lives, but are affectionate and loyal. This description fits Minuchin's definition of an
A.autonomous family pattern.
B.underfunctioning family pattern.
C.enmeshed family pattern.
D.institutionalized family pattern.


15. All treatments for anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa share the long-term common goal of
A.producing weight gain in the patient.
B.addressing the underlying causes of the disorders.
C.moving the patient out of the situation that caused the problem.
D.forcing the patient to accept the responsibility for his or her actions.


16. To achieve lasting improvments suffering from eating disorders must learn how to
A.express their autonomy.
B.take constructive criticism.
C.suppress their fears of weight gain.
D.control their emotions more completely.


17. Glenda binges almost every day. She eats chips and dips, burgers and fries, and a couple of shakes. After her eating she goes to the gym and does 90 minutes of aerobics, spends an hour on the stairstepper, and then does weights for another hour. She also does not eat for 72 hours. This set of assumptions would lead to a diagnosis of
A.binge-eating disorder.
B.purging type bulimia nervosa.
C.nonpurging type bulimia nervosa.
D.eating disorder not otherwise specified.


18. What is the most likely explanation for the different rates of eating disorders in men and women?
A.men are judged by a harsher cultural standard of attractiveness
B.eating disorders may be overdiagnosed in women
C.men restrict their caloric intake more severely when dieting
D.male eating disorders are more likely to be tied to work or sports


19. Which one of the following would be least likely to characterize the behavior of one experiencing anorexia nervosa?
A.careful preparation and planning of the food one eats during the day
B.feeling oneself to be unattractively overweight
C.a view that food deprivation makes one a better person
D.a hesitancy to think and talk about food


20. One reason given for the ability of anorexic individuals to overcome the body's compensatory strategies at retaining weight when compared to bulimic individuals is the anorexic's
A.greater impulsivity.
B.state of clinical depression.
C.obsessive style of behavior.
D.greater phobia of weight gain.


21. Which one of the following is most at risk for an eating disorder?
A.a college woman who is a non-athlete
B.a woman lower on the socioeconomic scale
C.an African-American woman
D.a dancer


22. What is a likely long-term consequence of anorexia?
A.failure to marry or have intimate relationships
B.failure to menstruate
C.continuing concern about weight and appearance
D.inability to succeed at a job


23. A person who loses weight by forcing herself to vomit after meals or by using laxatives, and who otherwise fits the definition of anorexia is experiencing
A.binge-eating/purging anorexia nervosa.
B.food-phobia anorexia nervosa.
C.restricted-type anorexia nervosa.
D.variable-limited anorexia nervosa.


24. The first step in treating anorexia nervosa is to
A.correct family coping patterns.
B.resolve unresolved oral conflicts.
C.correct maladaptive thought patterns.
D.help the person to start to regain the lost weight.


25. In one study, prospective parents rated a picture of a chubby child as less _________ than an average-weight or thin child.
A.friendly and intelligent
B.masculine
C.emotionally stable
D.likely to succeed


26. Characteristics of anorexia nervosa include all the following except
A.boady weight of 85 percent or less of normal.
B.fear of becoming overweight.
C.a view that one is currently unattractively thin.
D.amenorrhea.


27. Compared to the general public, people with eating disorders are more likely to
A.be depressed.
B.suffer from mania.
C.experience panic attacks.
D.have higher serotonin levels.


28. In the 1940s a group of volunteers were put on a semistarvation diet for 6 months. During the latter part of the study
A.several of the volunteers became anorexic.
B.the volunteers thought about food all the time.
C.they never thought about food because it made them hungry.
D.they tended to avoid meals because they did not get enough food.


29. Lasting improvement for one with anorexia nervosa depends on
A.continuing medical treatment.
B.drug therapy over several years.
C.addressing underlying psychological problems.
D.recognizing the need to give up control.


30. The levels of brain ____________ are low in both depression and in bulimia nervosa.
A.GABA
B.serotonin
C.dopamine
D.norepinephrine


31. According to the weight set point theory, the consequences of dieting to below one's weight set point are
A.that increased hypothalamic activity produces a revulsion to food.
B.that body changes produce further weight loss.
C.an increasing urge to binge.
D.a continuing loss of weight no matter the number of calories consumed.


32. The most common cognitive disturbance in anorexia nervosa is
A.a distorted body image.
B.a revulsion toward food.
C.a major clinical depression.
D.distorted external perceptions.


33. For people with bulimia nervosa, binge episodes produce feelings of
A.control.
B.satisfaction.
C.anxiety and mania.
D.guilt and depression.


34. Anorexic individuals often show which of the following personality factors?
A.obsessions
B.low anxiety
C.multiple phobias
D.episodes of mania


35. The central feature of bulimia nervosa is
A.excessive dieting and weight loss.
B.fanatic exercising preceded by binge eating.
C.purging either by vomiting or use of laxatives.
D.binge eating followed by a compensatory behavior.


36. All the treatment methods for bulimia nervosa share the immediate goal of
A.changing distorted self-perceptions.
B.addressing the underlying causes of the bulimic patterns.
C.assisting the clients to eliminate their binge-purge patterns.
D.forcing the patient to accept the responsibility for his or her actions.


37. Tanya is a behavioral therapist who exposes bulimic patients to situations that usually cause binge episodes and then prevents them from binge eating. The technique that she is using is called
A.skillful frustration.
B.temptation-restriction.
C.willpower reinforcement.
D.exposure and response prevention.


38. To qualify for a diagnosis of bulimia nervosa, what must be true of the compensatory behaviors displayed?
A.They must occur.
B.They must involve vomiting.
C.They must effectively cause weight loss.
D.They must cause pathological changes in the body.


39. Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for bulimia nervosa?
A.obsessive thoughts
B.weight at least 15 percent below normal
C.lack of control over eating during binge eating
D.at least one episode of binge eating followed by purging


40. Which of the following problems is common in anorexia nervosa?
A.amenorrhea
B.increased heart rate
C.high blood pressure
D.elevated body temperature


41. What does GLP-1 do?
A.causes one to grow excessive body hair
B.determines the weight set point
C.causes one to eat uncontrollably
D.none of the above


42. Children who cannot accurately interpret their internal condition (that is, are not able to tell if they are upset because they are tired, hungry, afraid, or cold) are likely to develop __________, according to Hilde Bruch.
A.self-control and autonomy
B.an ability to anticipate the needs of others
C.ego deficiencies and cognitive disturbances
D.a strong confidence in their own opinions.


43. The use of a food diary to keep track of eating behavior in the treatment of bulimic patients is most likely to be used by a therapist from the
A.cognitive perspective.
B.humanist perspective.
C.behavioral perspective.
D.psychodynamic perspective.


44. Carol has become very afraid of being overweight. She has recently reduced her food intake although she feels hungry all the time. As a result, her weight has dropped sharply below average, but she still believes that she is overweight. Carol is most likely experiencing
A.bulimia nervosa.
B.anorexia nervosa.
C.Carpenter's syndrome.
D.carbohydrate deprivation.


45. Which one of the following is a medical condition more common in bulimia than anorexia?
A.amenorrhea
B.dental problems
C.high potassium levels in the blood
D.growth of immature body hair


46. Which one of the following is characteristic of the mother of one with an eating disorder?
A.a mother who emphasizes thinness
B.a perfectionist mother
C.a mother who is concerned herself about dieting
D.all of the above are characteristics


47. A person's "weight set point" is
A.their current weight.
B.their body's natural weight.
C.the ideal weight that they desire to achieve.
D.the average weight for somebody of their height.


48. The currently accepted view of anorexia is that its cause is
A.cognitive.
B.biological.
C.behavioral.
D.multidimensional.


49. Which of the following is not true about anorexia nervosa?
A.it usually follows a diet in someone who is of normal weight or slightly overweight
B.it can follow a stressful event such as divorce, a move from home, or a personal failure
C.fatalities are brought on by suicide or serious medical problems due to starvation
D.about 75 percent of people who experience anorexia nervosa are women


50. One of the therapy methods commonly used to treat bulimia nervosa is
A.flooding.
B.group therapy.
C.aversion therapy.
D.systematic desensitization.


51. According to Minuchin, a(n) ____________ family system is one in which members are overly concerned with each other's affairs.

Answer:


52. The disorder characterized by body weight 15 percent below normal and a disturbed body image is called ____________.

Answer:


53. Dental problems are a possible medical complication of long-term ____________.

Answer:


54. The cessation of menstruation common to anorexic women is known as ____________.

Answer:


55. The ritualistic behaviors surrounding food that are characteristic of anorexia nervosa are similar to ____________.

Answer:


56. The weight to which a person's body naturally returns after a diet is known as his or her ____________.

Answer:


57. In a recent study of eight- and ninth grade girls, 90 percent of the ____________ respondents were unhappy with their bodies, while 70 percent of the ____________ respondents were satisfied with their bodies.

Answer:


58. Gaining extra weight after a diet is over is called the ____________.

Answer:


59. The function in the body of leptin and glucagonlike peptide-1 is to act as natural ____________.

Answer:


60. Anorexia nervosa that is characterized exclusively by controlling the intake of food is called ____________-type anorexia nervosa.

Answer:



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